Sexual Reproduction In flowering Plants : Detail Explanation

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Sexual Reproduction In flowering Plants : Detail Explanation, Understanding Events of Reproduction, and Significance of Sexual Reproduction of Angiosperms | Megasporogenesis |.

The myriads of flowers that we enjoy gazing at, the scents and the perfumes that we swoon over, the rich colours that

attract us, are all there as an aid to sexual reproduction.

Flowers do not exist only for us to be used for our own selfishness. All flowering plants show sexual reproduction.

A look at the diversity of structures of the inflorescences, flowers and floral parts, shows an amazing range of

adaptations to ensure formation of the end products of sexual reproduction, the fruits and seeds. In this chapter, let us understand the morphology, structure and the processes of sexual reproduction in flowering plants (angiosperms).

Flowers are the seat of sexual reproduction in angiosperms. In the flower, androecium consisting of stamens represents the male reproductive

organs and gynoecium consisting of pistils represents the female reproductive organs.

A typical anther is bilobed, dithecous and tetrasporangiate. Pollen grains develop inside the microsporangia. Four wall layers, the epidermis, endothecium, middle layers and the tapetum surround the microsporangium. Cells of the sporogenous tissue lying in the centre of the microsporangium, undergo meiosis (microsporogenesis) to form tetrads of microspores. Individual microspores mature into pollen grains.

Course Content

  1. Introduction
  2. Structure of Flower
  3. Stamen
  4. Microsporangia
  5. Pollen Grains
  6. Female sex organ – Pistil
  7. Pollination
  8. Sexual reproduction in flowering plants
  9. Agents of pollination
  10. Megasporogenesis
  11. Embryo sac formation
  12. Double Fertilisation
  13. Before and After Fertilisation
  14. Embryogeny
  15. Formation of Seed and Fruit
  16. Some important terms
  17. Pollen-Pistil Interaction
  18. Endosperm Formation
  19. More About Pollen Grains
  20. Outbreeding Devices
  21. Artificial Hybridisation
  22. Embryogeny – Monocot vs Dicot

These are fantastic concepts that will lay a strong theoretical foundation for you and help you with competitive exams like NEET , CET, Foundation

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